There is a threat to the life of tigers around the world. Apart from predators and smugglers, the indiscriminate and unplanned man-made development is the biggest reason for the destruction of tigers.
We have to understand that our existence is associated with the survival of the tiger.
Let’s understand why it is necessary to save the tiger.
Why are tigers killed:
We have also been reading and hearing in historical stories that the people used to go hunting with their companions. The tiger’s hunt was considered as a very big and brave work.
Now there is no time for such hunting but now the worst damage to tigers is being done by the indiscriminate development.
Our development has become the cause of the destruction of tigers.
By destroying the forests in the name of development, the kingdom of tigers is being ruined.
This is a threat not only to the tiger but to the entire ecosystem. Apart from this, in some countries of the world, there is a demand for tiger’s organs for medicine and black magic. Therefore, they are also hunted for smuggling of tiger body parts.
Tiger is the King of the Jungle:
The tiger is called the King of the forest. It’s not just a saying, it’s actually a king.
Tiger considers the forest as its state. There is a right to a tiger in a certain area of the forest. If there is an external tiger in his area, then the ruler of the land cannot afford it. He makes a fight with the intruder.
Either the king of the area kills the outer intruder or fights him out of his territory. But if the intruder is more powerful and more skillful in warfare, he kills the king of the territory and takes possession of that area.
It is a fight of supremacy. Only one tiger has the right in any particular area of the forest. He protects his kingdom until he survives.
Tiger is the guardian of the ecosystem:
Tiger is the king of his territory in the jungle and he protects the jungle boundaries of his jurisdiction and also protects the ecological system in his jurisdiction.
How is it? Let’s know:
The tiger needs a forest as its state. A forest in which there is a sufficient number of animals for its food.
A tiger needs to hunt an animal for food every five days. This means that a tiger needs about 70 animals a year. Tigers usually depend on wildlife like wild buffalo, deer, rabbit, pig, etc. But deer is his favorite food.
Wildlife prefers to live in dense forests where all things related to the environment like soil, trees, plants, shrubs, ponds, lakes, rivers are available. Tiger’s state is rich in natural resources.
If there is an imbalance in the ecosystem from cuttings of forests etc, the life of wildlife is threatened. Lack of the availability of wild animals causes the threat to the survival of the tigers.
We know that almost 33 percent area of any country should be green. That is why forest areas are protected.
If the number of tigers in the forest is decreasing it means there is not enough number of animals for its food in the forest. This means that there is not enough space and a favorable environment for the animals in the jungle.
That means there is something wrong in the ecological system. Generally, man-made development in forest areas is responsible for it.
This is why it is said that if there is any dissolution in the ecosystem, first of all, the tiger points to it.
If there is any dissolution in ecology, first of all, the tiger points to it.
In fact, he is the patron of the ecosystem.
The King of the Jungle is in danger:
The lack of forest area makes animals life difficult. In the event of deficiency of animals, it becomes difficult for the tiger to get enough food.
With the process of our development, the jungle is getting reduced.
In the name of development, the environment is being destroyed by ruthlessness, which poses a threat to the existence of the tiger.
About 100 years ago there were more than 100,000 tigers around the world, more than 40,000 of them were in the forests of India only.
Tigers were found in the forests of Iran, Afghanistan, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, North Korea, etc until a few years ago, they are no longer seen there. Formerly eight species of tigers were found, but now only five of them survive.
Three species Caspian tiger, Bali tiger, Javan tiger have become extinct.
Currently, there are around 3200 tigers worldwide, 2200 of them live in India, most of them are Royal Bengal Tiger.
Royal Bengal Tiger:
‘Royal Bengal Tiger’ is the most important species of tigers. Although this species is named Panthera tigris, it is commonly known as Bengal Tiger or Indian Tiger. These tigers are found mostly in India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
Development at the cost of the environment:
Due to urbanization and industrial development carbon emissions are increasing. On the other side due to the ruthless exploitation of natural resources, the biological capacity of the Earth is constantly reducing.
Hence, there is a lot of harm to the environment which is causing the adverse circumstances for the tiger’s survival.
Tiger’s survival means the survival of the entire ecosystem, which is also essential for our existence. This is why it is necessary to save the tiger.
India: Homeland of Tigers
India’s natural affluence has been in favor of wildlife.
In the Jim Corbett National Park, the 1.2 Million years old Fossils of Ancient Elephants have been found, which proves that wildlife has been living there for millions of years.
India has been the favorite place of tigers for ages. Even in present-day, about 70 percent of the total available tigers around the world are found in India. This is because in India the importance of tiger has always been understood.
In the last century, when the Tigers and especially the Royal Bengal Tiger population had fallen to the alarming level, the attention was paid by the government and ‘Project Tiger’ program was started in 1973 for tiger conservation.
Under the project tiger program, initially, 9 of the sanctuaries were established which have now been 50. The project tiger has remained successful in its aim. Consequently, more than 2,200 tigers out of a total of 3200 tigers present in the world are available in India alone.
Investments in tiger conversation get fantastic returns:
The protection of tigers also makes the ecosystem balanced and also gives great profits.
This has been revealed recently by a study conducted by Indian and Australian scientists.
In their study published under the heading “Making the Hidden Visible: Economic Valuation of Tiger Reserves in India”, in the “Ecosystem Services” journal, it has been said that the protection of two tigers gives a profit of about Rs 520 crore rupees ($7,46,14,800 ).
There are 2,200 tigers in India. The conservation of them may give a profit of more than 5 Trillion ($717,450,00,000). It is more beneficial than any other business in the world.
Wildlife, especially the tiger attracts tourists from all over the world. When the tourists come to the sanctuary then people living in nearby villages get employment opportunities. The government earns money from tourism, as well as villagers living near the sanctuary also have income.
It is hoped that the economic importance of tiger conservation will draw the attention of our policymakers.