IBM’s Dario Gil has predicted that quantum-centric supercomputers are going to become a reality soon. He also discussed the future of technology in India.
Celebrating the 25th anniversary of IBM Research Lab in India, Gil’s visit to Bengaluru this month, was a momentous occasion, shedding light on the future of technology and the vital role that India will play in shaping it.
Dario Gil talks about the progress of quantum computing, India’s role in the quantum computing ecosystem, and governments’ difficulty in keeping up with the development of generative AI models, in a recent interview.
He has predicted that quantum-centric supercomputers will soon become a reality. In this article, we will discuss his predictions and thoughts about these topics.
AI & Quantum Computing
Quantum computers are an emerging field of research. They provide new ways to encode information that could be used as a basis to connect it to some form of a neural network structure.
A quantum computer is not a big data machine, but it may have a big impact on AI. You need to formulate the problem you are trying to solve. Quantum can help because AI is power-hungry.
Highest Level of Technology
Technology has become equivalent to things like trade or military alliances. It has assumed geopolitical importance for countries.
But most of the technology is in the hands of the private sector, and the amount of sophistication and knowledge inside governments is limited. Thus a different level of governance around these technologies is required.
Building Quantum Centric Supercomputers
Quantum communication channels are being created to connect quantum processors.
This entails a radical change in terms of architecture, based on the principle of modularity, which will help in developing quantum-centric supercomputing.
Modularity will help us scale these systems and build quantum-centric supercomputers with thousands and tens of thousands of qubits.
IBM Quantum Network & Partnerships
The global IBM Quantum network has 225 institutions as members. They range from large companies to startups, national laboratories, and different universities, including IIT-Madras and a startup from India.
Boeing, for example, is interested in using quantum computing to develop materials.
ExxonMobil is planning to use quantum computing to accelerate the development of new materials that help the company’s push to provide more renewable energy.
Researchers at Daimler hope that quantum computers will help them design next-generation lithium-sulfur batteries.
4 Ways To Make a Quantum Program Successful
There will be four dimensions required to make a quantum program successful:
- Infrastructure in the form of quantum computers.
- A research and development agenda.
- Skills and education.
- Industrial programs.
IBM takes those 4 quadrants and methodically implements them in each country, this approach has proven to be successful.
Quantum Computing Future In India
India is in the early stages of developing a quantum strategy for the country. The government allocated ₹8,000 crores towards quantum computing in 2020.
IBM has started with elements of it, the partnership with IIT Madras being a good example. At present, the infrastructure element is through remote access (cloud), which is okay.
And they do not yet have an industrial program. IBM’s desire would be to elevate those seeds.