10 fascinating facts about trees. The facts are useful for nature lovers. These are famous trees in the world. Every tree has its own significance.
1. World’s tallest trees are Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) which are located in Giant Forests of Sequoia National Park in California, USA. They can reach up to a height of 300 feet (91 meters) and among them, the tallest one is Hyperion which is incredibly 379.7 feet (115.7 m) tall while the world’s largest tree General Sherman also stands there. Being tall and giant in size, they are commonly called the “Grandfathers of Forests.”
2. The tree which has a road through it. The Chandelier Tree is a 276 foot tall (84 m) coast redwood tree in Drive-thru Tree Park in Leggett, California. It has a 6 foot (1.8 m) wide and 6 foot-9 inch (2.06 m) high hole cut through its base which allows smalls vehicles like cars to move through it.
3. World’s oldest tree is Methuselah which is 4850 years old. Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) or Methuselah is the oldest tree growing in the white mountains of Inyo country in eastern California.
4. The Great Indian Banyan Tree is a banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis). It is located in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, Kolkata, India. It is believed to be 250 years old tree. Surprisingly, it appears more like a dense forest rather than an individual tree. The tree survives without its main trunk, which decayed due to two cyclones and had to be removed in 1925. This tree occupies an area of about 18,918 square meters (about 1.89 hectares or 4.67 acres).
5. Well-maintained trees and shrubs can increase the value of any property by up to 14%. Mature trees growing near a house can reduce the electricity bill by 20-25%.
6. Pine trees grow in all the continents except Antarctica. They are commercially grown for many purposes including Christmas trees. The smallest pine trees are Siberian dwarf pine (1-3 m) in height and Potosi pinyon (1.5–5 m) in height. The tallest pine tree is Ponderosa pine with a height of 81.8 m. The age of pine tree ranges between 100-1000 years.
7. El Árbol del Tule (Spanish for The Tree of Tule) is a tree with the largest circumference (girth) in the world. Its trunk has a circumference of 42 m (137.8 feet) and diameter of 14.05 m (46.1 feet). It is located in Santa Maria del Tule in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It belongs to the Taxodium mucronatum (Montezuma cypress) species of genus Taxodium which is native to Mexico. Its age has been estimated to be 1500-3000 years old.
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8. African Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is the tree with the widest (diameter) trunk in the world. The diameter of its trunk is almost 49 feet. It has a circumference of 155 foot and it’s the height if almost 72 foot tall. This tree is found in hot and dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It is almost 1500 years old.
9. World’s smallest tree species is Dwarf Willow (Salix herbacea). It is found in a wide region of alpine and arctic habitat in North Atlantic Ocean. It typically grows 1-6 cm (0.4-2.4 inches) in height.
10. By observing the circular rings on the tree when cut transversely, the exact age of the tree can be known. This scientific method of calculating the age of the tree is called Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating). The change in temperature every year causes the growth of trees to speed up or slow down. Due to this, the trees produce annual growth rings.